Question 1: The King’s Elephant Problem.
Once upon a time the King of Siam asked his warriors to measure the weight of an elephant. However the weight of the elephant was too heavy to be measured by the biggest weighing machine available. Your task is to help the warriors to solve the problem.
Question 2: Abu Nawas’ Problem.
In one of the stories in ‘One Thousand and One Night’, Abu Nawas would only allow any traveler to fetch water from the only well in the desert after solving the following problem:
The travelers were given a 3-litre container and a 5-litre container. They have to measure exactly four and seven liters of water using the above containers. You are required to help the travelers solve the problem.